Building America Research Benchmark Definition, Version 3.1, Updated July 14, 2004

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Residential Buildings Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistentwith mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. A series of user profiles, intended to represent the behavior of a 'standard' setof occupants, was created for use in conjunction with the Benchmark.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages40
StatePublished - 2005

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-550-36429


  • Building America
  • HERS guidelines
  • research benchmark
  • residential homes
  • U.S. Department of Energy
  • whole-house energy savings


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