Building Island Resilience through the Energy, Water, Food Nexus

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Islands face unique and often exaggerated threats from climate change. Additionally, the very nature of islands creates greater dependence on imported food and energy resources. Extreme events have highlighted weaknesses in island energy, water, and food systems as a result of utility outages and shipping delays. These events have challenged islands to improve their resilience and seek new strategies to ensure energy, water, and food security. One such island is Sint Eustatius, which has constructed a first of its kind solar park providing reliable energy, community agriculture, and harvested rainwater for irrigation This paper highlights integrated strategies to help islands enhance resilience across the energy, water, food nexus.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages26
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Produced under direction of the Government of Australia, Department of Environment and Energy by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Work for Others Agreement number FIA-15-1808.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-7A40-74747


  • community agriculture
  • energy storage
  • energy-water-food nexus
  • islands
  • rainwater harvesting
  • resilience
  • solar park


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