Ca2+ Effects on Fe(II) Interactions with Mn-Binding Sites in Mn-Depleted Oxygen-Evolving Complexes of Photosystem II and on Fe Replacement of Mn in Mn-Containing, Ca-Depleted Complexes

B. Semin, L. Davletshina, S. Goryachev, Michael Seibert

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2 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Fe(II) cations bind with high efficiency and specificity at the high-affinity (HA), Mn-binding site (termed the “blocking effect” since Fe blocks further electron donation to the site) of the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) in Mn-depleted, photosystem II (PSII) membrane fragments (Semin et al. in Biochemistry 41:5854, 2002). Furthermore, Fe(II) cations can substitute for 1 or 2Mn cations (pH dependent) in Ca-depleted PSII membranes (Semin et al. in Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes 48:227, 2016; Semin et al. in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B 178:192, 2018). In the current study, we examined the effect of Ca2+ cations on the interaction of Fe(II) ions with Mn-depleted [PSII(-Mn)] and Ca-depleted [PSII(-Ca)] photosystem II membranes. We found that Ca2+ cations (about 50 mM) inhibit the light-dependent oxidation of Fe(II) (5 µM) by about 25% in PSII(-Mn) membranes, whereas inhibition of the blocking process is greater at about 40%. Blocking of the HA site by Fe cations also decreases the rate of charge recombination between QA and YZ•+ from t1/2 = 30 ms to 46 ms. However, Ca2+ does not affect the rate during the blocking process. An Fe(II) cation (20 µM) replaces 1Mn cation in the Mn4CaO5 catalytic cluster of PSII(-Ca) membranes at pH 5.7 but 2 Mn cations at pH 6.5. In the presence of Ca2+ (10 mM) during the substitution process, Fe(II) is not able to extract Mn at pH 5.7 and extracts only 1Mn at pH 6.5 (instead of two without Ca2+). Measurements of fluorescence induction kinetics support these observations. Inhibition of Mn substitution with Fe(II) cations in the OEC only occurs with Ca2+ and Sr2+ cations, which are also able to restore oxygen evolution in PSII(-Ca) samples. Nonactive cations like La3+, Ni2+, Cd2+, and Mg2+ have no influence on the replacement of Mn with Fe. These results show that the location and/or ligand composition of one Mn cation in the Mn4CaO5 cluster is strongly affected by calcium depletion or rebinding and that bound calcium affects the redox potential of the extractable Mn4 cation in the OEC, making it resistant to reduction.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)229-237
Number of pages9
JournalPhotosynthesis Research
Volume147
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. part of Springer Nature.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2A00-79219

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Manganese
  • Manganese replacement
  • Oxygen-evolving complex
  • Photosystem II

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