Capital Intensity of Photovoltaics Manufacturing: Barrier to Scale and Opportunity for Innovation

Michael Woodhouse, Ran Fu, Kelsey Horowitz, Paul Basore, Douglas Powell, Tonio Buonassisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Scopus Citations
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3395-3408
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2015

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-6A20-63703


  • Capex
  • initial factory capital expenditure
  • manufacturing
  • minimum sustainable price
  • msp
  • photovoltaic
  • PV

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