Castable Cements to Prevent Corrosion of Metals in Molten Salts

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Castable cements on metals form a protective barrier that is able to prevent permeation of molten salts towards metallic surfaces. Silica-based castable cements are capable of protecting containment metallic alloys from the corrosive attack of molten chlorides at temperatures as high as 650 °C. Boron nitride (BN) blocking the pores in the cured cement prevents permeation of the molten chloride towards the metal surface. The cements tested are not chemically stable in molten carbonates, because the bonding components dissolved into molten carbonates salt. The corrosion rate is 7.72±0.32 mm/year for bare stainless steel 347 in molten eutectic NaCl - 65.58 wt% LiCl at 650 °C, which is the baseline used for determining how well the cement protects the metallic surfaces from corrosion. In particular the metal fully encapsulated with Aremco 645-N with pores filled with boron nitride immersed in molten eutectic NaCl - 65.58 wt% LiCl at 650 °C shows a corrosion rate of 9E-04 mm/year. The present study gives initial corrosion rates. Long-term tests are required to determine if Aremco 645-N with BN coating on metal has long term chemical stability for blocking salt permeation through coating pores.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-64723


  • Ceramics
  • Concentrating solar power
  • Corrosion
  • Heat transfer fluid
  • Molten salts
  • Thermal energy storage


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