Catalyst Choice Impacts Aromatic Monomer Yields and Selectivity in Hydrogen-Free Reductive Catalytic Fractionation

Jacob K. Kenny, David G. Brandner, Sasha R. Neefe, William E. Michener, Yuriy Román-Leshkov, Gregg T. Beckham, J. Will Medlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Hydrogen-free reductive catalytic fractionation (RCF) is a promising method to extract and depolymerize lignin from native biomass without the use of external hydrogen gas. Here, we show that Pt/C and Pd/C achieve comparable monomer yields regardless of hydrogen pressure, whereas Ru/C and Ni/C show lower yields under H2-free conditions. Ru/C and Ni/C primarily perform hydrodeoxygenation regardless of the hydrogen pressure, but Pt/C and Pd/C demonstrated the ability to form both ethyl products from dehydrogenation and propanol products through hydrogenation depending on the presence of external H2. Adding water to the solvent increased HDO selectivity to propyl products for both Pt/C and Pd/C. Monomer yields from poplar RCF showed similar trends in yield and selectivity to reactions with the model compound coniferyl alcohol, suggesting that H2-free RCF performance is dictated by the stabilization rate of reactive monomer intermediates.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2527-2533
Number of pages7
JournalReaction Chemistry and Engineering
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2800-81796

Keywords

  • lignin
  • reductive catalytic fractionation

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