Catalytic Activity and Stability of Non-Platinum Group Metal Oxides for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction in Anion Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers

Emily Volk, Stephanie Kwon, Shaun Alia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus Citations

Abstract

The activities and stabilities of non-platinum group metals (PGMs) in the forms of monometallic (Mn2O3, Fe2O3, Co3O4, NiO) and bimetallic (NiFe2O4, CoNiO2) oxides were assessed for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline media and compared with IrO2. Both half-cell, rotating disc electrode (RDE) apparatus and single-cell, membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) were used to study kinetic and device-level performance in parallel and to provide insights into the use of these materials in anion exchange membrane (AEM) electrolyzers. Normalization of RDE results by geometric and physical surface areas, double layer capacitance, and metal content probed differences in physically vs electrochemically accessible surface areas and ensured reported trends were independent of the normalization method. The results showed that: (i) Ni- and Co- containing materials met or exceeded IrO2 performance in both RDE and MEA testing, (ii) Co3O4 deactivated over time-on-stream (1.8 V for 13.5 h) due to oxide and, relatedly, particle growth, (iii) NiFe2O4 increased in activity over time-on-stream due to dissolution of Fe and an increased Ni/Fe ratio, and (iv) reduction of catalyst layer resistance is an avenue to further increase device-level performance. These results demonstrated the clear viability for non-PGMs to be used as anode catalysts in AEM devices.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number064506
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume170
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published on behalf of The Electrochemical Society by IOP Publishing Limited.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-85940

Keywords

  • anion exchange membrane electrolyzers
  • anode catalysts
  • bimetallic
  • electrolysis
  • monometallic
  • non-platinum group metals
  • oxygen evolution reaction

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