Catalytic Gas Conditioning: Application to Biomass and Waste Gasification

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Catalytic gas conditioning is a key step in producing clean syngas via gasification of heterogeneous materials. Our work has focused on the steam re-forming of naphthalene and orthodichlorobenzene as prototypes of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH') and halogenated aromatics. Subsequently, we have studied the conversion of tar present in the syngas derived from biomass and waste gasification. Steamre-forming of naphthalene was initially studied in the temperature range 873-1123 K, with residence times of 0.31-082 s and steam to naphthaline molar ratios of 10-22. Although the catalyst is efficient, it suffers from a progressive drop in activity due to coke formation as well as weight loss (35% weight loss after 24 h on stream). To overcome deactivation and catalyst weight loss, a robustcatalyst formation has been developed. It has demonstrated excellent activity as well as reasonable tine-on-stream and easy regeneration without significant loss of activity. Total conversion of naphthalene and dichlorobenzene has been observed at 1023 and 1123 K, respectively. The yields of dry gas in both cses have been higher than 90%. After 60 h on steam, the catalyst weight loss is lessthan 5%. This catalyst has also performed efficiently in the conversion of tar present in the producer gas from air gasification of biomass and mixed wastes.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4184-4192
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
StatePublished - 1997

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-590-24294


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