Cell Wall-Bound Anionic Peroxidase, PtrPO21, is Involved in Lignin Polymerization in Populus trichocarpa: Article No. 22

Chien-Yuan Lin, Quanzi Li, Sermsawat Tunlaya-Anukit, Rui Shi, Ying-Hsuan Sun, Jack Wang, Jie Liu, Philip Loziuk, Charles Edmunds, Zachary Miller, Ilona Peszlen, David Muddiman, Ronald Sederoff, Vincent Chiang

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26 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Class III peroxidases are members of a large plant-specific sequence-heterogeneous protein family. Several sequence-conserved homologs have been associated with lignin polymerization in Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, Nicotiana tabacum, Zinnia elegans, Picea abies, and Pinus sylvestris. In Populus trichocarpa, a model species for studies of wood formation, the peroxidases involved in lignin biosynthesis have not yet been identified. To do this, we retrieved sequences of all PtrPOs from Peroxibase and conducted RNA-seq to identify candidates. Transcripts from 42 PtrPOs were detected in stem differentiating xylem (SDX) and four of them are the most xylem-abundant (PtrPO12, PtrPO21, PtrPO42, and PtrPO64). PtrPO21 shows xylem-specific expression similar to that of genes encoding the monolignol biosynthetic enzymes. Using protein cleavage-isotope dilution mass spectrometry, PtrPO21 is detected only in the cell wall fraction and not in the soluble fraction. Downregulated transgenics of PtrPO21 have a lignin reduction of ~20% with subunit composition (S/G ratio) similar to wild type. The transgenics show a growth reduction and reddish color of stem wood. The modulus of elasticity (MOE) of the stems of the downregulated PtrPO21-line 8 can be reduced to ~60% of wild type. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) analysis of PtrPO21 downregulated transgenics identified a significant overexpression of PtPrx35, suggesting a compensatory effect within the peroxidase family. No significant changes in the expression of the 49 P. trichocarpa laccases (PtrLACs) were observed.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages18
JournalTree Genetics and Genomes
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-2700-66210

Keywords

  • LC-MS/MS
  • lignin peroxidase
  • lignin polymerization
  • lignin systems biology
  • Populus trichocarpa

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