Chapter 10.02 - Neutron Scattering Studies of Materials for Hydrogen Storage

Ryan Klein, Hayden Evans, Benjamin Trump, Terrence Udovic, Craig Brown

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations


Hydrogen storage presents a significant barrier to the widespread adaptation of hydrogen as an energy source in mobile and stationary applications. The development of new candidate hydrogen storage materials is therefore an outstanding goal in the field of inorganic chemistry. Neutron scattering techniques—including diffraction, inelastic, and quasielastic scattering—are integral in investigating these materials. Here, we review some of the key studies of candidate hydrogen storage materials which have employed neutron scattering techniques. We begin with a brief discussion of hydrogen’s current position in the global energy landscape. Next, we provide a brief description of the theory and practical aspects of the neutron scattering techniques germane to the study of hydrogen storage. Then we enumerate the neutron scattering studies of candidate hydrogen storage materials, including metal hydrides, chemical hydrides, and porous compounds. We focus on the studies which helped develop our understanding of hydrogen storage by revealing the underlying fundamental physics and chemistry of hydrogen sorption in these systems. Finally, we provide an outlook to the future of hydrogen storage research.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationComprehensive Inorganic Chemistry III, Third Edition
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 10: X-ray, Neutron, and Electron Scattering Methods in Inorganic Chemistry
EditorsP. R. Raithby, A. P. Wilkinson
Number of pages48
ISBN (Electronic)9780128231531
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5900-78964


  • Complex hydrides
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Inelastic neutron scattering
  • Metal hydrides
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Neutron diffraction
  • Quasielastic neutron scattering


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