Chapter 11: Renewable Microgrids as a Foundation of the Future Sustainable Electrical Energy System

Anna Trendewicz, Eric Tan, Fei Ding

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Renewable microgrids are an integral part of the future sustainable energy system. This chapter focuses on the role of renewable energy-based microgrids in the electricity system transformation. It is seen as a foundation that complements large-scale generation plants and high-voltage transmission lines by providing additional flexibility and resilience. This flexibility and resilience are crucial for balancing the energy system and ensuring its long-term sustainability, given the changing supply and demand patterns due to rooftop solar photovoltaics (PV), battery storage, electric mobility, and heat pumps. It is also an opportunity for residential and commercial consumers to become active participants in the energy market. Innovation, new technologies and business models will act as the key enabler for this transformation. The regulatory restructuring of the energy market will be crucial for successful integration of prosumers and aggregated energy communities. The chapter presents the vision of a sustainable, decentralized, and digitized energy future including market potential, most innovative case study projects and start-up companies, and the shifts needed in the regulatory landscape.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationSustainability Engineering: Challenges, Technologies, and Applications (1st ed.)
EditorsE. C. D. Tan
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5D00-85989


  • battery storage
  • electric mobility
  • electricity system transformation
  • flexibility
  • heat pumps
  • market potential
  • microgrids
  • resilience
  • rooftop solar photovoltaics


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