Chapter 13: Conversion of Terpenes to Chemicals and Related Products

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Terpenes and terpenoids, hydrocarbons present in many types of biomass, havean extensive history of use as fuels, binders, polymers, pharmaceuticals and therapeutics, flavors, and fragrances. The structure of terpenes and terpenoids makes them amenable for use as a feedstock for catalytic conversion to other materials and also useful in their own right in the pharmaceutical, polymer, fuel, and chemical industries. There are many other plants and animals that produce terpenes that are present in extractable oils, most of which are used raw or as feedstocks for catalytic conversion to other materials in the fine chemical, flavor, and fragrance industry. This chapter discusses the sources, isolation and the catalytic methods for conversion of terpenes to fine chemicals and materials. Processes used to obtain turpentine are also discussed. The conversion of terpenes to resins, polymers, and other chemicals and materials is the focus of a wide variety of catalysis and materials research.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationChemical Catalysts for Biomass Upgrading
EditorsM. Crocker, E. Santillan-Jimenez
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9783527814794
ISBN (Print)9783527344666
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-2700-70351


  • Catalytic conversion
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Terpenes
  • Terpenoids
  • Turpentine


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