Chapter 21: Sustainable Technologies for Seaweed Conversion to Biofuels and Bioproducts

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6 Scopus Citations


Seaweeds are attractive candidates to supply the future sustainable, photosynthetic, bioenergy feedstocks thanks to their cultivation promise in offshore marine farms, with year-round production, and no external nutrient requirements. Despite this potential, there are significant challenges associated with realizing both the cultivation and harvesting logistics, as well as in developing an efficient conversion platform to fuels and products. Effective and scalable and economically viable conversion processes tailored to a seaweed are discussed in detail and gaps on identified needs for yield and efficiency improvements. Among the conversion processes discussed here, anaerobic fermentation of seaweeds to bioenergy products, including organic acids and biomass, is promising to disrupt the current bioenergy landscape.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationSustainable Seaweed Technologies: Cultivation, Biorefinery, and Applications
Subtitle of host publicationCultivation, Biorefinery, and Applications
EditorsM. D. Torres, S. Kraan, H. Dominguez
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780128179437
ISBN (Print)9780128179444
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-2700-75118


  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Biological conversion
  • Composition
  • Macroalgae
  • Seaweed


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