Chapter 28: Nanomaterials for Energy Applications

Katherine Hurst, Joseph Luther, Steven Christensen, Chunmei Ban

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A wide variety of nanomaterials have been applied to energy related applications, including nanofibers, nanocrystalline materials, nanoparticles, and thin film nanocoatings. Solid-state lighting offers significant advantages in energy efficiency compared to traditional lighting technologies. The potential for nanostructured solid-state lighting devices is excellent as it enjoys significant economic drivers in energy efficiency. Fuel cells convert chemical energy to electrical energy through electrochemical reactions at an anode and cathode. The conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals offers great potential to reduce energy dependence on petroleum and reduce green house gas emissions. Batteries involve the production and storage of electrical charge, the transfer of cations and electrical current, each based on electrochemical reactions and chemical reactants. Battery performance relies on the complex processes and factors that affect the transport of charge in the reactants, and across the interface between the chemical phases.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationMetrology and Standardization of Nanotechnology: Protocols and Industrial Innovations
EditorsE. Mansfield, D. L. Kaiser, D. Fujita, M. Van de Voorde
StatePublished - 2017

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5900-66660


  • electrochemical batteries
  • electrochemical capacitors
  • energy related applications
  • hydrogen storage
  • nanocrystalline materials
  • nanofibers
  • nanoparticles
  • solid-state lighting
  • thin film nanocoatings


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