Chapter 29 - Pyrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass: Oil, Char, and Gas

M. Pecha, Manuel Garcia-Perez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Biomass pyrolysis is a technology that uses high temperatures to break down biomaterials like wood without completely burning them. Products include char, combustible gas, and vapors; the vapors can be condensed into a liquid with myriad uses. This chapter serves as a primer for the fundamental physics and chemistry involved in biomass pyrolysis, common reactor systems, and some reported uses for the products.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationBioenergy (Second Edition)
Subtitle of host publicationBiomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy
EditorsA. Dahiya
StatePublished - 2020

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-2800-76398


  • biomass pyrolysis
  • carbonization
  • catalytic fast pyrolysis
  • devolatilization
  • thermochemical conversion


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