Chapter 3: Energy Systems

Jill Engel-Cox, Peter Marcotullio, Lori Bruhwiler, Steven Davis, John Field, Conor Gately, Kevin Gurney, Daniel Kammen, Emily McGlynn, James McMahon, William Morrow, III, Ilissa Ocko, Ralph Torrie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The focus of SOCCR-2 is on the scientific understanding of U.S. and North American carbon cycle stocks and fluxes, in the context of and interactions with global scale budgets and climate change impacts in managed and unmanaged systems. Carbon stocks and fluxes in soils, water (including oceans), vegetation, aquatic-terrestrial interfaces (coastal/ estuaries/ wetlands), human settlements, agriculture, forestry etc. are included. This chapter assesses the contribution of the North American energy system to the global carbon cycle, including the identification of pathways to greater energy efficiency with lower emissions. The system - defined by energy-related activities in Canada, Mexico, and the United States - includes primary energy sources; the infrastructure to extract, transport, convert, transmit, distribute, and use these resources; and the socioeconomic and political structures and dynamics associated with these processes (Romero-Lankao et al., 2014).
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationSecond State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report
EditorsN. Cavallaro, G. Shrestha, R. Birdsey
StatePublished - 2018

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-6A50-72475


  • carbon cycle
  • carbon stocks
  • energy systems


Dive into the research topics of 'Chapter 3: Energy Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this