Chapter 3: Perspectives on Process Analysis for Advanced Biofuel Production

Christopher Scarlata, Ryan Davis, Ling Tao, Eric Tan, Mary Biddy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations


Numerous approaches to converting lignocellulosic biomass to fuels have been described in the literature. These include technologies to produce ethanol, butanol, biodiesel, lipid-based fuel, aerobic bioprocesses for hydrocarbons, Fischer-Tropsch diesel, upgraded pyrolysis oil, and other methods. The sheer number of conversion technologies and products creates a challenge for policy makers, research organizations, and investors to make sound decisions for how to allocate resources. Fortunately, there are tools available to aid decision-makers when contemplating the tradeoffs that biomass conversion technologies offer, including feasibility studies, social and life-cycle cost-benefit analysis, financial analysis, and techno-economic analysis. This chapter focuses on the engineering aspects of such analyses and how process analysis can reveal the pros and cons of different biomass-to-hydrocarbon fuel technologies.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationDirect Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels
EditorsM. E. Himmel
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9780444595928
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5100-61173


  • Advanced biofuels
  • Life cycle analysis
  • Lignocellulose
  • TEA
  • Techno-economic analysis


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