Chapter 32 - Power Grid Resilience

Sudip Mazumder, Mohammad Shadmand, H. Mantooth, Chris Farnell, Salam Baniahmed, Arif Sarwat, Mohd Tariq, Manimaran Govindrasu, Jay Johnson, Gab-Su Seo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The new energy paradigm is altering the current power grid trend from synchronous generator reliant system toward power-electronics-based distributed energy resources (DERs). The resilient operation of modern power grid is highly dependent upon cyber and physical reliable operation of DERs. Power grid resilience broadly refers to the ability of the grid to be robust to eventualities and singularities that may disrupt the continuity of reliable power flow. This could involve resilience related to the physical system but more recently, the focus on cyber resilience has been evolving rapidly especially given the burgeoning growth of distributed generation and power-electronics-based DERs under smart grid and given that such threats to reliable operation do not have to evolve localized to where the physical asset is. Commonly, in power grids dominated by DERS, control and energy management are structured at a multitime scale multilayer fashion: (i) primary control layer at microseconds time scale, (ii) secondary control layer at millisecond time scale, and (iii) tertiary control layer at seconds to minutes time scale. The cyber-related issues that may affect the power grid resilience can be introduced in through primary, secondary, and tertiary control layers. The failure of each of these control layers may impact the reliable and resilient operation of the overall network and cause widespread failures which leads to unintended blackouts. As such, this chapter focuses on cyber-related resilience issues in primary control layer, secondary control layer, tertiary control layer, wide area/utility control, and anomaly detection and resilient communication.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationPower Electronics Handbook, Fifth Edition
EditorsM. H. Rashid
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5D00-88315


  • anomaly detection
  • power grids
  • primary control layer
  • resilient communication
  • secondary control layer
  • tertiary control layer
  • wide area/utility control


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