Chapter 4: Wind Energy Politics and Economics

Lena Kitzing, Poul Erik Morthorst, Eric Lantz, Ryan Wiser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A new paradigm for wind energy policy is emerging that is driven by rapidly decreasing costs, increasing market share and the need for more energy system services provided by wind energy. Increased recognition of the diversity of policy needs, tailored to the conditions of each respective jurisdiction, is another significant aspect of this new paradigm. This evolving perspective has come about as onshore wind energy has become the most competitive technology for new energy production in many countries, reducing the need for direct financial support. Accordingly, while the need for wind energy policy support continues, it is becoming increasingly nuanced and focused on serving an array of social objectives associated with the broader evolution of the energy sector. In the future, successful wind energy policies will increasingly be related to creating enabling environments and adapting frameworks, as opposed to focusing on direct investment incentives alone. This reflects a fundamental shift in the perspectives and roles of policy-makers. This is the focus of this chapter, in which we first provide an overview of the state of the art in wind energy policy, followed by upcoming policy challenges and research needs. We conclude with our perspective on the future focus of wind energy policy research.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationDTU International Energy Report 2021: Perspectives on Wind Energy
EditorsB. H. Jorgensen, P. H. Madsen, G. Giebel, I. Marti, K. Thomsen
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5000-81117


  • policy
  • policy research
  • renewable energy
  • wind energy


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