Chapter 5: Advanced Characterization and Testing of Grid-Forming Resources

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In order to compare and define grid-forming (GFM) resources' performance requirements, uniform test procedures are necessary to characterize these resources' capabilities to serve various system needs. Most tests performed on grid-following (GFL) inverters are also required for GFM inverters, with additional tests also needed specifically for GFM inverters. This section describes advanced characterization and testing methods for GFM inverters, with the goal of serving as a guide- line for developing test procedures.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationGrid-Forming Technology in Energy Systems Integration
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5D00-81694


  • grid-forming resources
  • inverter-dominated power systems
  • stability


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