Chapter 5: Electric Infrastructure Impacts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


As plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are projected to represent a significant share of the future U.S. light- and medium-duty vehicle fleet, EPA has developed new approaches to estimate the power sector emission implications (i.e., from electricity generation, transmission, and distribution system, which typically ends at a service drop; the run of cables from the electric power utility's distribution power lines to the point of connection to a customer's premises) of increased PEV charging. EPA combined the use of three analytical tools to incorporate grid- related emissions from PEV charging demand within the light- and medium-duty vehicle emissions inventory analysis for the proposal: 1) OMEGA; 2) a suite of electric vehicle infrastructure modeling tools (EVI-X) developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); 3) the Integrated Planning Model (IPM).
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationMulti Pollutant Emissions Standards for Model Years 2027 and Later Light-Duty and Medium-Duty Vehicles: Draft Regulatory Impact Analysis
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5400-84905

Other Report Number

  • EPA-420-D-23-003


  • electric vehicle charging
  • electric vehicles
  • EVI-X
  • EVSE
  • LDV/MDV rule


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