Chapter VII.H.9: PEM Fuel Cell Freeze and Rapid Startup

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Establish a fact-based strategy for rapid startup of PEMFCs from sub-freezing temperatures. Aid in developing fuel cells that startup at -20 deg C in 30 seconds or less.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationDOE Hydrogen Program 2005 Annual Progress Report
StatePublished - 2005

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-560-38396


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