Characterization of a Selective, Zero Power Sensor for Distributed Sensing of Hydrogen in Energy Applications

Natasha Wischmeyer, Joseph Stetter, William Buttner, Vinay Patel, David Peaslee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus Citations


The use of hydrogen as a clean and renewable energy source is increasing rapidly for both vehicle and stationary applications. There are safety concerns for the locations in which hydrogen is made, used, and transported (i.e., pipelines and tanker trucks). Sensors are needed to comply with safety regulations and to enable a smooth and safe rollout of hydrogen as an alternative energy. However, hydrogen sensors do not yet exist that have the combined features of small size and low power for easy deployment coupled with high-volume manufacturability and low cost. This is necessary to accommodate the emerging fixed and mobile markets while retaining critical metrological metrics, including measurement range, detection limits, selectivity, fast response, stability, and long lifetime. An amperometric gas sensor for hydrogen (AGS) has been developed using an innovative manufacturing method. The sensor was designed using scalable fabrication strategies based on “Printed Electronics” (PE) methodology which are compatible with large-scale production. Prototype sensors were batch fabricated with multiple individual elements on a substrate compatible in size with a standard 8-inch wafer to enable high-volume, low-cost manufacturing, thereby leveraging PE and semiconductor fabrication infrastructure. This novel AGS was instrumented with control circuitry and evaluated for hydrogen detection in the range of 0–5000 ppmv H2 in air. Specific performance evaluations included assessment of the sensor measurement range, repeatability, and selectivity.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)31489-31500
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number61
StatePublished - 3 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5400-77692


  • Amperometric hydrogen sensor
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen sensor
  • Low power
  • Manufacturability
  • Printed electronics
  • Safety


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