Charge Management Optimization for Future TOU Rates: Preprint

Jiucai Zhang, Anthony Markel

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

3 Scopus Citations


The effectiveness of future time of use (TOU) rates to enable managed charging for providing demand response depends on the vehicle's flexibility and the benefits to owners. This paper adopts opportunity, delayed, and smart charging methods to quantify these impacts, flexibilities, and benefits. Simulation results show that delayed and smart charging methods can shift most charging events to lower TOU rate periods without compromising the charged energy and individual driver mobility needs.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2016
EventEVS29: Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition - Montreal, Quebec
Duration: 19 Jun 201622 Jun 2016


ConferenceEVS29: Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition
CityMontreal, Quebec

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-66121


  • charging
  • electric vehicle
  • EV
  • off-peak
  • renewable
  • smart grid


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