Chemicals Derived from Biomass Thermolysis and Gasification

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations


The United States has the potential to sustainably produce over 1 billion dry tons of nonfood biomass per year by 2030. While conversion of this biomass into fuels has garnished significant attention, these renewable feedstocks can also be converted into valuable chemicals. Analogous to petroleum refining, the coproduction of fuels and chemicals from biomass enables more complete utilization of the feedstock and supports the growth of a bio-economy by improving biorefinery economics. This chapter provides an overview of biomass thermolysis and gasification technologies, highlights existing and future chemical production opportunities, and elaborates on specific challenges associated with product separation and purification.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 3: Sustainable Energy Technologies and Sustainable Chemical Processes
EditorsV. Strezov, J. Zoeller
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780128046777
ISBN (Print)9780128047927
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CH-5100-67480


  • Bio-economy
  • Bio-fuel
  • Bio-oil
  • Bio-products
  • Biomass
  • Catalytic fast pyrolysis
  • Gasification
  • Hydrothermal liquefaction
  • Life-cycle assessment
  • Purification
  • Pyrolysis
  • Separation
  • Synthesis gas
  • Technoeconomic analysis


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