Clean Cities: A Model of Collaborative Technology Innovation Built Over 30 Years

Paty Romero Lankao, Nicole Rosner, Lauren Reichelt, Joanna Allerhand

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


The Clean Cities Coalition Network is an example of successful government-sponsored efforts to reduce petroleum use and facilitate collaborative governance across sectors and levels of government within the transportation sector. In 1993, under what is now the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established Clean Cities in response to a requirement in the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 to implement voluntary alternative fuel deployment activities. VTO's Technology Integration Program is responsible for the Clean Cities Coalition Network and many other activities. DOE created a collaborative governance effort that has translated higher-level policy goals into multiple local collaborative practices for more than 30 years.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages24
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5400-85510


  • alternative fuels
  • Clean Cities
  • collaborative governance
  • decarbonization
  • policy
  • technology deployment
  • transportation


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