Clean Grid Vision: A U.S. Perspective - Chapter 1. Clean Grid Scenarios

Ella Zhou, Greg Brinkman, Jonathan Ho, Ana Dyreson, Kaifeng Xu

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Chapter 1: Clean Grid Scenarios serves as a broad introduction to the type of future power systems envisioned in the Clean Grid Vision: one with high penetrations of variable renewable energy generation (for example, more than 53% nationally and up to 73% in the Eastern Interconnection) and significant share of natural gas. Our study shows that the conterminous United States has adequate resources to support such systems with current technologies, and these systems can be operated cost-effectively to meet all sub-hourly demand and reserve requirements.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages66
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5C00-78642


  • Clean Grid Vision
  • grid integration study
  • power system operation
  • power system planning
  • renewable integration
  • scenario planning


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