Clean Grid Vision: A U.S. Perspective - Executive Summary

Ella Zhou, Gregory Brinkman, Vahan Gevorgian, Elaine Hale, David Hurlbut, Jeffrey Logan, Barry Mather, Yingchen Zhang

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Clean Grid Vision: A U.S. Perspective aims to present a range of possible pathways for future grid development and call attention to some common trends. It focuses on the lessons learned through NREL’s studies of the U.S. power sector that have measured the impacts of high-penetration VRE and have tested strategies for enhancing grid flexibility and reliability. As such, this report is limited in its scope and does not attempt to review or summarize all grid integration literature. While it refers to relevant external literature to provide context when needed, this report is primarily a summary of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL’s) research in the past 5 years on five key topics: grid planning and operation, grid reliability at the distribution level, grid reliability at the transmission level, demand-side resources, and power markets—each corresponds to a chapter in this report. The main insights of the report are presented in this executive summary.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5C00-80268


  • China
  • Clean Grid Vision
  • grid
  • power system
  • power system planning


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