Co-Hydrotreating of Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Oils with Straight-Run Diesel

Research output: NRELPresentation


Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis (CFP) of biomass provides an opportunity for producing stabilized bio-oils (CFP oils) that can be further processed into hydrocarbon transportation fuels via hydroprocessing. Standalone hydrotreating of CFP oils has been pursued and has been shown to be able to produce hydrocarbon products with low oxygen contents of <1wt%, but the process is costly due to the high requirements of hydrogen and high capital costs. The costs can be reduced by co-processing in refineries, which takes advantage of the existing refinery infrastructure and the economies of the larger scale of petroleum processing operations. In this contribution, we evaluated co-hydrotreating of CFP oil with straight-run diesel in a laboratory continuous hydrotreating reactor. The CFP oil had been produced over a bi-functional metal-acid catalyst (Pt/TiO2) and contained 17 wt% oxygen on dry basis, and it was fed to the reactor together with straight-run diesel in the proportion of 20 vol%:80 vol%. The co-hydrotreated diesel products had acceptable cetane numbers (>40), and the calculated carbon efficiencies were high (~95%) for the CFP portion of the feed mixtures. Biogenic carbon incorporation in the product was confirmed by C-14 analysis. Sulfided NiMo catalyst gave better performance with respect to the diesel product quality than CoMo did due to the higher hydrogenation activity of NiMo. A comparison of standalone hydrotreating of the CFP oil and the straight-run diesel to co-hydrotreating showed good correspondence. Major challenges and risks associated with co-hydrotreating are discussed in this presentation.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NamePresented at the tcbiomass Conference, 19-21 April 2022, Denver, Colorado

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5100-82694


  • biomass
  • catalytic fast pyrolysis
  • co-hydrotreating
  • hydrotreating
  • NiMo
  • straight run diesel


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