Co-Located Gas Turbine/Solar Thermal Hybrid Designs for Power Production

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Abstract

This paper describes gas turbine/solar trough hybrid designs that achieve a solar contribution greater than 50% and increase the solar-to-electric efficiency while reducing gas heat rate. Two conceptual designs are explored: (1) integrating gas turbines with conventional oil heat-transfer-fluid (HTF) troughs running at 390°C, and (2) integrating gas turbines with salt-HTF troughs running at 450°C and including thermal energy storage (TES). The latter system is also representative of molten-salt power towers, although the power towers run at temperatures near 565°C and would require selection of an appropriate gas turbine to provide waste heat at those temperatures. Using gas turbine waste heat to supplement the TES system provides operating flexibility while enhancing the efficiency of gas utilization. The analysis indicates that the hybrid plant designs produce solar-derived electricity and gas-derived electricity at lower costs than either system operating alone.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)172-179
Number of pages8
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume64
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-60864

Keywords

  • Gas turbine
  • Molten salt
  • Parabolic trough
  • Solar hybrid

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