Codes and Standards Assessment for Hydrogen Blends into the Natural Gas Infrastructure

Austin Glover, Jeffrey Mohr, Austin Baird

Research output: NRELTechnical Report


Energy utilities are evaluating emerging energy technologies to reduce reliance on carbon as an energy carrier. Hydrogen has been identified as a potential substitute for carbon-based fuels that can be blended into other gaseous energy carriers, such as natural gas. However, hydrogen blending into natural gas has important implications on safety which need to be evaluated. Designers and installers of systems that utilize hydrogen gas blending into natural gas distribution systems need to adhere to local building codes and engage with the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) for safety and permitting approvals. These codes and standards must be considered to understand where safety gaps might be apparent when injecting hydrogen into the natural gas infrastructure. This report generates a list of relevant codes and standards for hydrogen blending on existing, upgraded, or new pipelines. Additionally, a preliminary assessment was made to identify the codes and standards that need to be modified to enable this technology as well as potential gaps due to the unique nature and safety concerns of gaseous hydrogen.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages38
StatePublished - 2021

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/TP-5700-79693

Other Report Number

  • SAND2021-12478


  • blend
  • code
  • hydrogen
  • natural gas
  • pipeline
  • standard


Dive into the research topics of 'Codes and Standards Assessment for Hydrogen Blends into the Natural Gas Infrastructure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this