Combinatorial Study of Thin-Film Cu2ZnSnS4 Synthesis via Metal Precursor Sulfurization

G. Teeter, H. Du, J. E. Leisch, M. Young, F. Yan, S. W. Johnston, P. Dippo, D. Kuciauskas, M. J. Romero, P. Newhouse, S. E. Asher, D. S. Ginley

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

13 Scopus Citations


We report on studies related to the synthesis of thin-film Cu 2ZnSnS4 via sulfurization of metal-precursor thin films. Combinatorially graded thin-film Cu-Zn-Sn library samples spanning various regions of the ternary Cu-Zn-Sn phase diagram were deposited at temperatures below 375 K and subsequently sulfurized in a high-vacuum system equipped with a sulfur valved-cracking source at temperatures from 600 K to 675 K. Comparisons of x-ray fluorescence and x-ray diffraction data from pre- and post-sulfurization films have revealed correlations between processing conditions, film composition, and the crystalline phases present. We have also performed cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence measurements and identified emission features consistent with the formation of the Cu2ZnSnS 4.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2010
Event35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2010 - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 201025 Jun 2010


Conference35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-520-47734


  • precursors
  • thin-film solar cells


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