Combined Precursor Engineering and Grain Anchoring Leading to MA-Free, Phase-Pure, and Stable a-Formamidinium Lead Iodide Perovskites for Efficient Solar Cells

Xufeng Ling, Hongwei Zhu, Weidong Xu, Cheng Liu, Linfeng Pan, Dan Ren, Jianyu Yuan, Bryon W. Larson, Carole Grätzel, Ahmad R. Kirmani, Olivier Ouellette, Anurag Krishna, Jianguo Sun, Chunyang Zhang, Youyong Li, Shaik M. Zakeeruddin, Jing Gao, Yuhang Liu, James R. Durrant, Joseph M. LutherWanli Ma, Michael Grätzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus Citations

Abstract

α-Formamidinium lead iodide (α-FAPbI3) is one of the most promising candidate materials for high-efficiency and thermally stable perovskite solar cells (PSCs) owing to its outstanding optoelectrical properties and high thermal stability. However, achieving a stable form of α-FAPbI3 where both the composition and the phase are pure is very challenging. Herein, we report on a combined strategy of precursor engineering and grain anchoring to successfully prepare methylammonium (MA)-free and phase-pure stable α-FAPbI3 films. The incorporation of volatile FA-based additives in the precursor solutions completely suppresses the formation of non-perovskite δ-FAPbI3 during film crystallization. Grains of the desired α-phase are anchored together and stabilized when 4-tert-butylbenzylammonium iodide is permeated into the α-FAPbI3 film interior via grain boundaries. This cooperative scheme leads to a significantly increased efficiency close to 21 % for FAPbI3 perovskite solar cells. Moreover, the stabilized PSCs exhibit improved thermal stability and maintained ≈90 % of their initial efficiency after storage at 50 °C for over 1600 hours.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)27299-27306
Number of pages8
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume60
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-80976

Keywords

  • perovskites
  • solar cells

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