Comparison of Second-Order Loads on a Semisubmersible Floating Wind Turbine: Preprint

Jason Jonkman, Sébastien Gueydon, Tiago Duarte, António Sarmento, IImas Bayati

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


As offshore wind projects move to deeper waters, floating platforms become the most feasible solution for supporting the turbines. The oil and gas industry has gained experience with floating platforms that can be applied to offshore wind projects. This paper focuses on the analysis of second-order wave loading on semisubmersible platforms. Semisubmersibles, which are being chosen for differentfloating offshore wind concepts, are particularly prone to slow-drift motions. The slack catenary moorings usually result in large natural periods for surge and sway motions (more than 100 s), which are in the range of the second-order difference-frequency excitation force. Modeling these complex structures requires coupled design codes. Codes have been developed that include turbineaerodynamics, hydrodynamic forces on the platform, restoring forces from the mooring lines, flexibility of the turbine, and the influence of the turbine control system. In this paper two different codes are employed: FAST, which was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and aNySIM, which was developed by the Maritime Research Institute Netherlands. The hydrodynamic loads arebased on potential-flow theory, up to the second order. Hydrodynamic coefficients for wave excitation, radiation, and hydrostatic forces are obtained with two different panel codes, WAMIT (developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and DIFFRAC (developed by MARIN). The semisubmersible platform, developed for the International Energy Agency Wind Task 30 Offshore Code ComparisonCollaboration Continuation project is used as a reference platform. Irregular waves are used to compare the behavior of this platform under slow-drift excitation loads. The results from this paper highlight the effects of these loads on semisubmersible-type platforms, which represent a promising solution for the commercial development of the offshore deepwater wind resource.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages14
StatePublished - 2014
Event33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering - San Francisco, California
Duration: 8 Jun 201413 Jun 2014


Conference33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
CitySan Francisco, California

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5000-61162


  • fast
  • IEA
  • NREL
  • offshore code comparison collaboration continuation
  • semisubmersible floating wind turbine


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