Compliance Measurements of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Exhaust

William Buttner, Aaron Loiselle-Lapointe, Natasha Wischmeyer

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The NREL Sensor Laboratory has been developing an analyzer that can verify compliance to the international United Nations Global Technical Regulation number 13 (GTR 13--Global Technical Regulation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicles) prescriptive requirements pertaining to allowable hydrogen levels in the exhaust of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) [1]. GTR 13 prescribes that the FCEV exhaust shall remain below 4 vol% H2 over a 3-second moving average and shall not at any time exceed 8 vol% H2, as verified with an analyzer with a response time (t90) of 300 ms or faster. GTR 13 has been implemented and is to serve as the basis for national regulations pertaining to hydrogen powered vehicle safety in the United States, Canada, Japan, and the European Union. In the U.S., vehicle safety is overseen by the Department of Transportation (DOT) through the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) and in Canada by Transport Canada through the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS). The NREL FCEV exhaust analyzer is based upon a low-cost commercial hydrogen sensor with a response time (t90) of less than 250 ms. A prototype analyzer and gas probe assembly have been constructed and tested that can interface to the gas sampling system used by Environment and Climate Change Canada's (ECCC) Emission Research and Measurement Section (ERMS) for the exhaust gas analysis. Through a partnership with Transport Canada, ECCC will analyze the hydrogen level in the exhaust of a commercial FCEV. ECCC will use the NREL FCEV Exhaust Gas analyzer to perform these measurements. The analyzer was demonstrated on a FCEV operating under simulated road conditions using a chassis dynamometer at a private facility.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 2019
EventICHS 2019: International Conference on Hydrogen Safety - Adelaide, Australia
Duration: 24 Sep 201926 Sep 2019


ConferenceICHS 2019: International Conference on Hydrogen Safety
CityAdelaide, Australia

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-5400-73723


  • FCEV
  • GTR-13
  • hydrogen sensors


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