Comprehensive Testing of Nedwind 12-Meter Wind Turbine Blades at NREL

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This paper describes the structural testing of two NedWind 25?; 12-m blades at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The tests were conducted under the Standards, Measurement and Testing (SMT) Program in conjunction with tests conducted by four European laboratories to develop a common database of blade testing methods. All of the laboratories tested duplicate copies of blades takenfrom series production. Blade properties, including weight, center of gravity, natural frequencies, stiffness, and damping, were determined. Static load tests were performed at 110% of the extreme design load for strain verification. NREL performed single-axis and two-axis fatigue tests using 'business-as-uaual' testing practices. The single-axis test combined equivalent life loading for theedge and flap spectra into a single resultant load. The two-axis test applied the edge and flap components independently at a phase angel of 90?. Damage areas were observed at (1) the trailing edge, which cracked near the maximum chord; (2) between the steel root collar and the composite, where circumferential cracking was noted; and (3) along the top of the spar between the 2500-mm and 4200-mmstations, where a notable increase in acoustic emissions was detected. NREL observed that the onset of damage occurred earlier in the single-axis test.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2000
Event19th ASME Annual Meeting - Reno, Nevada
Duration: 10 Jan 200013 Jan 2000


Conference19th ASME Annual Meeting
CityReno, Nevada

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-500-27497


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