Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of a Novel Particle-to-Air Fluidized-Bed Heat Exchanger for Particle-Based Thermal Energy Storage Applications: Article No. 108635

Jeffrey Gifford, Zhiwen Ma, Xingchao Wang, Robert Braun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Long-duration energy storage technologies are being targeted to enable cost-effective, decarbonized energy systems. Particle-based thermal energy storage systems are one promising technology by storing excess electricity or heat as sensible thermal energy in inexpensive, solid, inert particles. These systems are only possible if an effective and economical particle-to-working fluid heat exchanger exists. This study predicts the performance of a proposed, direct-contact, particle-to-air, pressurized fluidized-bed heat exchanger using computational fluid dynamics. The common Eulerian-Eulerian framework for modeling fluidized beds is first benchmarked to experimental results at a previously untested operating condition and application. Then, the benchmarked model evaluates the performance of a proposed design for a commercial-scale version of the novel particle-to-air heat exchanger. The results show pressure drop and gas-phase approach temperatures are advantageous compared to other proposed designs for particle-to-air heat exchangers in the literature; approach temperatures were less than 5 degrees C and gas-phase pressure drop across the fluidized bed was 32 kPa. The model also highlights the importance of gas distributor design and representation in the Eulerian-Eulerian framework to control fluidization behavior. The model built and benchmarked in this study can be leveraged to advance the design and analysis of these heat exchangers critical to the deployment of a promising long-duration energy storage technology.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Volume73
Issue numberPart A
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5700-87231

Keywords

  • computational fluid dynamics
  • fluidized bed
  • heat exchanger
  • particle thermal energy storage
  • thermal energy storage

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of a Novel Particle-to-Air Fluidized-Bed Heat Exchanger for Particle-Based Thermal Energy Storage Applications: Article No. 108635'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this