Computational Identification of Ternary Wide-Band-Gap Oxides for High-Power Electronics: Article No. 033006

Emily Garrity, Cheng-Wei Lee, Prashun Gorai, M. Tellekamp, Andriy Zakutayev, Vladan Stevanovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As electricity grids become more renewable energy compliant, there will be a need for novel semiconductors that can withstand high power, high voltage, and high temperatures. Currently used or explored wide-band-gap materials for power electronics are costly (GaN), difficult to synthesize as high-quality single crystals (SiC) and at scale (diamond, BN), have low thermal conductivity (..beta..-Ga2O3), or cannot be suitably doped (AlN). We conduct a computational search for novel semiconductors across 1340 known metal oxides using first-principles calculations and existing and improved transport models. We calculate the Baliga figure of merit (BFOM) and lattice thermal conductivity (kL) to identify top candidates for n-type power electronics. We find 47 mostly ternary oxides that have higher kL than ..beta..-Ga2O3 and higher n-type BFOM than SiC and GaN. We use the branch point energy to rank the likelihood of n-type extrinsic doping, further reducing our top candidates to 14 previously unexplored compounds. Among these, several material classes emerge, including 2-2-7 stoichiometry thortveitites and pyrochlores, II-IV spinels, and calcite-type borates. Within these classes, we propose In2Ge2O7, Mg2GeO4, and InBO3 for power electronics as they are the most favorable for n-type doping based on our preliminary evaluation and could be grown as single crystals or thin-film heterostructures.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages22
JournalPRX Energy
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2022

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5K00-84587


  • density functional theory
  • oxide
  • power electronics
  • semiconductor
  • ultrawide bandgap


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