Computer Aided Battery Engineering Consortium: NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

Research output: NRELPresentation


A multi-national lab collaborative team was assembled that includes experts from academia and industry to enhance recently developed Computer-Aided Battery Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicles (CAEBAT)-II battery crush modeling tools and to develop microstructure models for electrode design - both computationally efficient. Task 1. The new Multi-Scale Multi-Domain model framework (GH-MSMD) provides 100x to 1,000x computation speed-up in battery electrochemical/thermal simulation while retaining modularity of particles and electrode-, cell-, and pack-level domains. The increased speed enables direct use of the full model in parameter identification. Task 2. Mechanical-electrochemical-thermal (MECT) models for mechanical abuse simulation were simultaneously coupled, enabling simultaneous modeling of electrochemical reactions during the short circuit, when necessary. The interactions between mechanical failure and battery cell performance were studied, and the flexibility of the model for various batteries structures and loading conditions was improved. Model validation is ongoing to compare with test data from Sandia National Laboratories. The ABDT tool was established in ANSYS. Task 3. Microstructural modeling was conducted to enhance next-generation electrode designs. This 3- year project will validate models for a variety of electrodes, complementing Advanced Battery Research programs. Prototype tools have been developed for electrochemical simulation and geometric reconstruction.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages44
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NamePresented at the Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation, 6-10 June 2016, Washington, D.C.

Bibliographical note

NREL Contributors: Shriram Santhanagopalan, Kandler Smith, Lei Cao, Gi-Heon Kim, Chao Zhang, Chuanbo Yang, and Peter Graf; Partner Contributors: Stephen Dajka (ANSYS), Partha Mukherjee (TAMU), Elham Sahraei (MIT), Josh Lamb (SNL), Dennis Dees (ANL), and Bill Stanko (USCAR)

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PR-5400-66509


  • battery crush modeling tools
  • computer-aided battery engineering for electric drive vehicles
  • electrode design model
  • mechanical abuse simulation


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