A Conductive Heat Transfer Model for Particle Flows Over Immersed Surfaces

Zhiwen Ma, A. Morris, C. Hrenya, S. Pannala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus Citations


A fundamental continuum model for conductive heat transfer between an immersed boundary and flowing particles is developed. The model is derived for systems where conduction through the interstitial gas between nearby surfaces is the dominant heat transfer mechanism. Conductive heat transfer depends on the thermal properties of the solids and gas phases, particle size and morphology, and packing structure. The new model incorporates both particle size and arrangement effects using first principles, and is applicable to flows spanning dilute to dense regimes. Specifically, a novel particle-wall distribution function is employed to capture the effects of particle arrangement over a range of solids concentrations. Discrete element method (DEM) simulations are used to close the model in terms of continuum variables and to generate constitutive relations for the Nusselt number and local heat transfer coefficient. The resulting expression is implemented into a continuum gas-solid model and tested against DEM data for particle flow down a ramp, flow around a hexagon, and crossflow around a cylinder. The model accurately predicts the local heat transfer coefficient over a range of flow parameters, and is valid for the full range of solids concentrations.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1277-1289
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5500-64334


  • Discrete element method
  • Granular flow
  • Heat conduction


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