Consensus Stability Testing Protocols for Organic Photovoltaic Materials and Devices

Matthew O. Reese, Suren A. Gevorgyan, Mikkel Jørgensen, Eva Bundgaard, Sarah R. Kurtz, David S. Ginley, Dana C. Olson, Matthew T. Lloyd, Pasquale Morvillo, Eugene A. Katz, Andreas Elschner, Olivier Haillant, Travis R. Currier, Vishal Shrotriya, Martin Hermenau, Moritz Riede, Kiril R. Kirov, Gregor Trimmel, Thomas Rath, Olle InganäsFengling Zhang, Mattias Andersson, Kristofer Tvingstedt, Monica Lira-Cantu, Darin Laird, Christine McGuiness, Srinivas Gowrisanker, Michael Pannone, Min Xiao, Jens Hauch, Roland Steim, Dean M. Delongchamp, Roland Rösch, Harald Hoppe, Nieves Espinosa, Antonio Urbina, Gülsah Yaman-Uzunoglu, Jörg Bernd Bonekamp, Albert J.J.M. Van Breemen, Claudio Girotto, Eszter Voroshazi, Frederik C. Krebs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

811 Scopus Citations


Procedures for testing organic solar cell devices and modules with respect to stability and operational lifetime are described. The descriptions represent a consensus of the discussion and conclusions reached during the first 3 years of the international summit on OPV stability (ISOS). The procedures include directions for shelf life testing, outdoor testing, laboratory weathering testing and thermal cycling testing, as well as guidelines for reporting data. These procedures are not meant to be qualification tests, but rather generally agreed test conditions and practices to allow ready comparison between laboratories and to help improving the reliability of reported values. Failure mechanisms and detailed degradation mechanisms are not covered in this report.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1253-1267
Number of pages15
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2011

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5200-51613


  • Lifetime
  • Protocol
  • Reporting
  • Stability
  • Testing


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