Considerations for Emerging Markets for Energy Savings Certificates

    Research output: NRELTechnical Report


    Early experiences with energy savings certificates (ESCs) have revealed both their merit and the challenges associated with them. In the United States, there has been little activity to date, so any lessons must be drawn from experiences in Italy, the United Kingdom (UK), France, and elsewhere. The staying power of European examples, particularly in Italy, demonstrates that ESCs can help initiatemore efficiency projects. Although a robust market for renewable energy certificates (RECs) has emerged in both the voluntary and policy compliance contexts in the United States, ESCs have yet to gain significant traction. This report looks at the opportunity presented by ESCs, the unique challenges they bring, a comparison with RECs that can inform expectations about ESC market development, andthe solutions and best practices early ESC market experience have demonstrated. It also examines whether there are real market barriers that have kept ESCs from being adopted and what structural features are necessary to develop effective trading programs.
    Original languageAmerican English
    Number of pages59
    StatePublished - 2008

    NREL Publication Number

    • NREL/TP-670-44072


    • EE
    • energy efficiency
    • energy savings certificates
    • ESCS
    • RECS
    • renewable energy (RE)
    • renewable energy certificates
    • renewable energy development
    • renewable portfolio standard (RPS)
    • RPS
    • state policy
    • state policy makers


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