Consistent Modelling of Wind Turbine Noise Propagation from Source to Receiver

Patrick Moriarty, Emre Barlas, Wei Zhu, Wen Shen, Kaya Dag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus Citations


The unsteady nature of wind turbine noise is a major reason for annoyance. The variation of far-field sound pressure levels is not only caused by the continuous change in wind turbine noise source levels but also by the unsteady flow field and the ground characteristics between the turbine and receiver. To take these phenomena into account, a consistent numerical technique that models the sound propagation from the source to receiver is developed. Large eddy simulation with an actuator line technique is employed for the flow modelling and the corresponding flow fields are used to simulate sound generation and propagation. The local blade relative velocity, angle of attack, and turbulence characteristics are input to the sound generation model. Time-dependent blade locations and the velocity between the noise source and receiver are considered within a quasi-3D propagation model. Long-range noise propagation of a 5 MW wind turbine is investigated. Sound pressure level time series evaluated at the source time are studied for varying wind speeds, surface roughness, and ground impedances within a 2000 m radius from the turbine.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3297-3310
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Author(s).

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-69022


  • acoustic signal processing
  • acoustical properties
  • flow instabilities
  • sound generation
  • wind turbines


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