Continuous Observations of the Surface Energy Budget and Meteorology over the Arctic Sea Ice During MOSAiC: Article No. 519

Christopher Cox, Michael Gallagher, Matthew Shupe, P. Ola Persson, Amy Solomon, Christopher Fairall, Thomas Ayers, Byron Blomquist, Ian Brooks, Dave Costa, Audrey Grachev, Daniel Gottas, Jennifer Hutchings, Mark Kutchenreiter, Jesse Leach, Sarah Morris, Victor Morris, Jackson Osborn, Sergio Pezoa, Andreas PreusserLaura Riihimaki, Taneil Uttal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus Citations

Abstract

The Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) was a yearlong expedition supported by the icebreaker R/V Polarstern, following the Transpolar Drift from October 2019 to October 2020. The campaign documented an annual cycle of physical, biological, and chemical processes impacting the atmosphere-ice-ocean system. Of central importance were measurements of the thermodynamic and dynamic evolution of the sea ice. A multi-agency international team led by the University of Colorado/CIRES and NOAA-PSL observed meteorology and surface-atmosphere energy exchanges, including radiation; turbulent momentum flux; turbulent latent and sensible heat flux; and snow conductive flux. There were four stations on the ice, a 10 m micrometeorological tower paired with a 23/30 m mast and radiation station and three autonomous Atmospheric Surface Flux Stations. Collectively, the four stations acquired ~928 days of data. This manuscript documents the acquisition and post-processing of those measurements and provides a guide for researchers to access and use the data products.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages27
JournalScientific Data
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-82839

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • atmosphere
  • ice
  • icebreaker
  • MOSAIC
  • ocean
  • surface energy budget
  • surface flux

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