Control of Light, Spin and Charge with Chiral Metal Halide Semiconductors

Haipeng Lu, Zeev Vardeny, Matthew Beard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus Citations

Abstract

The relationship between the structural asymmetry and optoelectronic properties of functional materials is an active area of research. The movement of charges through an oriented chiral medium depends on the spin configuration of the charges, and such systems can be used to control spin populations without magnetic components — termed the chiral-induced spin selectivity (CISS) effect. CISS has mainly been studied in chiral organic molecules and their assemblies. Semiconductors are non-magnetic extended systems that allow for the control of charge transport, as well as the absorption and emission of light. Therefore, introducing chirality into semiconductors would enable control over charge, spin and light without magnetic components. Chiral metal halide semiconductors (MHSs) are hybrid organic–inorganic materials that combine the properties of small chiral organic molecules with those of extended inorganic semiconductors. Reports of CISS in chiral MHSs have resulted in breakthroughs in our understanding of CISS and in the realization of spin-dependent optoelectronic properties. This Review examines the fundamentals and applications of CISS in chiral MHSs. The structural diversity and key structure–property relationships, such as chiral transfer from the organic to the inorganic components, are summarized. With a focus on the underlying chemistry and physics, the control of spin, light and charge in these semiconductors is explored. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)470-485
Number of pages16
JournalNature Reviews Chemistry
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Springer Nature Limited.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5900-80542

Keywords

  • chiral semiconductors
  • metal-halide perovskite

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