Control of Moisture Ingress into Photovoltaic Modules

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48 Scopus Citations


During long-term exposure of photovoltaic modules to environmental stress, the ingress of water into the module is correlated with decreased performance. By using diffusivity measurements for water through encapsulants such as ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), we have modeled moisture ingress using a finite-element analysis with atmospheric data from various locations such as Miami, Florida. This analysis shows that because of the high diffusivity of EVA, even an impermeable glass back-sheet alone is incapable of preventing significant moisture ingress from the edges for a 20-year lifecycle. This result has led us to investigate ways to protect module from the moisture through the use of different encapsulating chemistries and materials.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2005
Event31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 2005 - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: 3 Jan 20057 Jan 2005


Conference31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 2005
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL

Bibliographical note

For preprint version see NREL/CP-520-37390

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/CP-520-40304


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