Cooperative Load Scheduling for Multiple Aggregators Using Hierarchical ADMM

Xiangyu Zhang, David Biagioni, Peter Graf, Jennifer King

Research output: NRELPoster


Demand response (DR) serves an important role in improving the efficiency and stability of power systems. In recent years, with advances in communication and smart device technologies, many aggregators have emerged to facilitate end customer participation in DR programs. These aggregators, equipped with customized optimal control algorithms, are capable of providing various grid services. Among them is load scheduling during DR events, namely following a load signal provided by the utility company while minimizing overall customer discomfort. However, as the number of aggregators keeps increasing, it becomes challenging for utility companies to conduct load scheduling for multiple aggregators and generate reference signals for each of them. This paper proposes an optimization framework using hierarchical alternating direction method of multipliers (H-ADMM) to optimally generate load following signals for multiple aggregators. Under this framework, utility and multiple aggregators work in a cooperative manner, aiming at minimizing an overall system cost from different levels of the power system hierarchy, while protecting user privacy. A case study has been conducted in a system with multiple aggregators, based on control of HVAC loads. Experimental results validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NamePresented at the Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT 2020) North America, 17-20 February 2020, Washington, D.C.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/PO-2C00-76083


  • aggregators
  • clusters
  • minimizing costs
  • power consumption
  • utility


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