Coordinated Use of Smart Inverters with Legacy Voltage Regulating Devices in Distribution Systems with High Distributed PV Penetration - Increase CVR Energy Savings

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Abstract

This paper studies the coordinated use of smart inverters with legacy voltage regulating devices to help increase the energy savings from conservation voltage reduction (CVR) in distribution systems with high photovoltaic penetration. Two voltage optimization algorithms are developed to evaluate the CVR benefit by considering two types of smart inverter functions: aggregated reactive power control and autonomous volt/VAR control. In each algorithm, smart inverters are coordinately controlled with the operation of legacy voltage regulating devices including load tap changers and capacitor banks. Both algorithms are tested on representative utility distribution system models. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithms can achieve around 1.8%-3.6% energy savings when only using legacy voltage regulating devices and an additional 0.3%-0.9% when adding smart inverters.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1804-1813
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2010-2012 IEEE.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5D00-70255

Keywords

  • CVR
  • energy saving
  • Photovoltaic
  • power quality
  • reactive power control
  • smart inverter
  • volt/VAR

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