Corrosion Compatibility of Stainless Steels and Nickel in Pyrolysis Biomass-Derived Oil at Elevated Storage Temperatures

Jiheon Jun, Yi-Feng Su, James Keiser, John Wade IV, Michael Kass, Jack Ferrell III, Earl Christensen, Mariefel Olarte, Dino Sulejmanovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus Citations


Corrosion compatibility of stainless steels and nickel (Ni200) was assessed in fast pyrolysis bio-oil produced from pyrolysis of high ash and high moisture forest residue biomass. Sample mass change, ICP-MS and post-exposure electron microscopy characterization was used to investigate the extent of corrosion. Among the tested samples, type 430F and type 316 stainless steels (SS430F and SS316) and Ni200 (~98.5% Ni) showed minimal mass changes (less than 2 mg∙cm−2) after the bio-oil exposures at 50 and 80 °C for up to 168 h. SS304 was also considered to be compatible in the bio-oil due to its relatively low mass change (1.6 mg∙cm−2 or lower). SS410 samples showed greater mass loss values even after exposures at a relatively low temperature of 35 °C. Fe/Cr values from ICP-MS data implied that Cr enrichment in stainless steels would result in a protective oxide layer associated with corrosion resistance against the bio-oil. Post exposure characterization showed continuous and uniform Cr distribution in the surface oxide layer of SS430F, which showed a minimal mass change, but no oxide layer on a SS430 sample, which exhibited a significant mass loss.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number22
Number of pages16
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5100-85535


  • bio-oil
  • biomass pyrolysis
  • corrosion compatibility
  • Nickel
  • stainless steel


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