Coupled Modeling of Wake Steering and Platform Offsets for Floating Wind Arrays: Article No. 062035

Ericka Lozon, Matthew Hall, Mohammad Mahfouz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Wake effects are a key challenge in the design and analysis of wind farms. For floating wind farms, the platforms offset under the aerodynamic loading of the turbine and are constrained by mooring systems that can vary significantly in allowable offsets. When considering wake steering, the crosswind offset of the turbine can counteract the lateral deflection of the wake. This work presents a tool to efficiently model the coupled impacts of wake steering and platform offsets for floating wind farms. The tool relies on the frequency-domain wind farm model RAFT and the steady-state wake model FLORIS. A verification with FAST.Farm is presented, then the tool is applied to a simple two-turbine case study. A range of mooring systems with increasing platform offsets and varied yaw misalignment angles are considered while comparing the impact on turbine power. Additional sensitivities to turbine spacing and mooring system orientation are explored. The results show that there is a least-optimal watch circle width for downwind turbine power production that varies with yaw misalignment angle and turbine spacing. Additionally, the turbine offsets under yaw-misaligned conditions vary significantly depending on mooring system orientation relative to the rotor plane, which in turn impacts the optimal misalignment angle. These results highlight the importance of including floating platform offsets and mooring systems in the evaluation of wake steering strategies for floating wind arrays.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2024

NREL Publication Number

  • NREL/JA-5000-88715


  • floating wind
  • mooring systems
  • wake effects


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